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Blood lead levels and associated factors among children residents of a callao district

Mostrar el registro sencillo del ítem Morales, Juan Fuentes Rivera, José Bax, Vincent Matta, Hernán 2019-08-03T19:02:40Z 2019-08-03T19:02:40Z 2018
dc.identifier.issn 0798-0264
dc.description.abstract Objectives. Classifying blood lead levels and identifying the factors associated with elevated blood lead levels in children living in a district of Callao. Materials and methods. Transversal descriptive study. The study population was composed of children of both sexes from 1 to 13 years old; the data collection was conducted between March and April 2017. Results. The 310 children studied presented an average blood lead level of 8.59 μg/dL, while the median (P50) blood lead level was higher in males (p=0.008). Blood lead levels in 18.1% of the study population (n=56) were <5 μg/dL; in 54.5% (n=169) levels ranged between 5 and 10 μg/dL, whereas 27.4% (n=85) reported blood lead levels of ≥10 μg/dL furthermore, blood lead levels were significantly different between genders (p=0.007), while significantly more children under 10 years of age (p=0.008) and whose parents did not receive any training and/or education regarding the risks of lead exposure (p<0.001) reported blood lead levels of ≥10 μg/dL. Statistically significant risk factors linked to elevated blood lead levels included, residence with dirt floor (OR:2.92, 95% CI: 1.26-6.78), ingesting of dirt (OR:1.76, 95% CI: 1.02-3.07), biting or sucking of pencils (OR:1.86; IC95%: 1.12-3.10) and biting or sucking of toys (OR:1.97, IC95%: 1.16-3.33). Conclusions. A high proportion of children showed elevated blood lead levels, with associated factors either related or not to the home. Certainly, it is imperative to take actions linked to public health policies, adopting the new thresholds considered in international health regulations. en
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language.iso spa
dc.publisher Sociedad Venezolana de Farmacologia y de Farmacologia Clinica y Terapeutica en_PE
dc.relation info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.relation.isPartOf Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacologia y Terapeutica
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Repositorio Institucional - UCH en_PE
dc.source Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades en_PE
dc.subject Adolescent en
dc.subject Behavior disorder en
dc.subject Child en
dc.subject Descriptive research en
dc.subject Drug exposure en
dc.subject Dust en
dc.subject Environmental exposure en
dc.subject Female en
dc.subject Human en
dc.subject Lead blood level en
dc.subject Lead exposure en
dc.subject Major clinical study en
dc.subject Male en
dc.subject Resident en
dc.subject Risk factor en
dc.title Blood lead levels and associated factors among children residents of a callao district en_PE
dc.title.alternative Niveles de plomo sanguíneo y factores asociados en niños residentes de un distrito del callao en_PE
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.journal Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacologia y Terapeutica en_PE
dc.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85049809444

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